Since 1 January 2017, all electric trains operated by Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS) in the Netherlands are powered solely by wind energy. Approximately 600 000 commuters transported by NS now travel by rail without leaving a carbon footprint.
To accomplish this, NS partnered with Eneco, a sustainable energy supplier operating in the Netherlands, to use its wind farms to generate the 1.2 billion kWh of electricity per year needed to power their electrical trains. This is the equivalent of the power consumption of all households in Amsterdam in one year. At this point in time, it takes three strokes of an Eneco wind turbine to power a single train for one kilometre, or an an hour to generate enough power to run a train for approximately 200 kilometres. However, NS is looking for ways to lower their machines’ consumption by 35 percent before 2020, so they can go farther for smaller amounts of energy.